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Global FAB Society Consortium

Director:
Hiroya Tanaka (Professor, Faculty of Environment and Information Studies)
Jun Murai (Professor, Faculty of Environment and Information Studies)
Katsuhiko Ogawa (Professor, Faculty of Environment and Information Studies)
Contact: Social Social Fabrication Laboratory, Keio University SFC
E-mail: htanaka[at]sfc.keio.ac.jp

Objectives and outline

Digital fabrication technologies including 3D printers are creating an entirely new society. By connecting to the global internet, an interconversion between "things (material objects)" and "data (information)" is becoming possible, and a portion of commodity distribution is being replaced by data transmission. If circuits are embedded in created "things" to connect them to the internet, digital fabrication can be regarded as a production base for the "Internet of Things".

The internet until now has broadly connected everyone on our planet up until the very corners of the earth. Even if people are located in remote areas, the internet has brought about a social foundation that finely connects supply and demand, production and consumption, and creation and evaluation with those areas. In such a way, the internet is dramatically changing the relationships between corporations and individuals, cities and regions, as well as developed and developing countries.

In the new 21st century global society, the autonomous, dispersed, and collaborative power of the internet further develops widely to the extent that includes a world of manufacturing. We have named this new society "Global FAB Society", and we will be the first in the world to start research on "Global FAB Infrastructure" which is needed for the orderly realization and further development of the Global FAB Society. Our research will focus on three main areas: technology, society, and design.

First, as a technological theme, new standardization activities will be needed in order to closely-couple ICT (information and communications technology) with FAB (fabrication technology) which has been separated until now. The Standardization working group will work in partnership with ASTM, ISO, JIS, W3C, etc. and research on new languages and encapsulation will be made to describe and distribute each manufacturing element (materials, configurations, assembly, finishing, quality control, identification, licensing, etc.). Metadata descriptions for "machine tools" and "factories" will be considered while investigations will be conducted for overseas Industry 4.0 (Germany) and Industrial Internet (GE). Furthermore, in order to ensure the safety of things created using 3D printers, quality evaluation techniques will be developed and widely published to society. These results will be promoted with the goal of international standardization.

Next, as a social theme, international trends of policies surrounding digital fabrication will be widely investigated among both developed and developing nations, and policy proposals for the future global society will be made. The International Strategy & Policy Proposal working group will consider synergy between digital fabrication and open data as well as synergy through partnerships with Creative Commons, and will discuss on the ideal state of sustainable and enjoyable societies achieving both economic and social value, and on the cultures and systems to support such societies.

Finally, as a design theme, discussions will be made on design methods for subsumption that creates value from co-creation. This will not involve conventionally fixed relations between producers and consumers, but rather involvement from various actors. The Design & Inclusion working group will focus on the upstream issue of "what to make" rather than "how will it be made", and will discuss based on case examples on how co-creation between large corporations and individuals can be possible in the future.

This consortium is also active as a place for open discussions for broader industrialization based on the results of fundamental research in the "Center of Innovation on Global Fab Society - for Kansei-oriented digital manufacturing" which was selected by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology COI (Center of Innovation). At the same time, while gathering results from the working group for the three areas of technology, society, and design, this consortium also creates cross-sectoral synergy and develops a vision for "FAB society", the next step after a "web society", as the core of its activities.

Specifically, this consortium holds an annual symposium and creates reports once a year as its core activities, and daily activities are conducted through each working group. Working groups can be established through a combination of academic staff and participating companies with approval from the board of directors. The following groups were planned at the time this consortium was established in April 2015, but plans will be flexibly adjusted in the future.

A. Design & Inclusion working group
B. Standardization working group
C. International Strategy & Policy Proposal working group

Outline of research activity plans (1st year)

Latter half of March: First explanatory meeting for companies & organizations
Latter half of April: Second explanatory meeting for companies & organizations
The three working groups will be active by conducting1-2 sessions each month.

August 2015: Announce the consortium's activities at the "11th International FabLab Conference (in Boston)"
November 2015: Plans to hold "Global FAB Society Consortium" session at ORF
November 2015: Plans to hold "1st Global FAB Society Consortium Symposium"
Gathering policy proposals, activities towards international standardization, survey interviews, etc.
December 2015: Create and distribute "Global FAB Society Consortium" report

Constituent Membership

Name Affiliatoin
o Hiroya Tanaka Professor, Faculty of Environment and Information Studies
Representative (research promotion & industry-university collaboration)
Standardization WG(working group) leader
o Jun Murai Professor, Faculty of Environment and Information Studies
Representative (industry-university collaboration)
o Katsuhiko Ogawa Professor, Faculty of Environment and Information Studies
Representative (research promotion)
Daijiro Mizuno Associate Professor, Faculty of Environment and Information Studies
Design & Inclusion WG leader
Jin Nakazawa Associate Professor, Faculty of Environment and Information Studies
High School and University Cooperation Education WG leader
Fumitoshi Kato Professor, Faculty of Environment and Information Studies
Design & Inclusion WG member
Yasuaki Kakehi Associate Professor, Faculty of Environment and Information Studies
Design & Inclusion WG member
Akira Wakita Professor, Faculty of Environment and Information Studies
Standardization WG member
Yuji Ohgi Professor, Graduate School of Media and Governance
Professor, Faculty of Environment and Information Studies
Standardization WG member
Fumio Shimpo Professor, Faculty of Policy Management
International Strategy & Policy Proposal WG member
Takashi Iba Associate Professor, Faculty of Policy Management
International Strategy & Policy Proposal WG member
Jin Mitsugi Professor, Faculty of Environment and Information Studies
Standardization WG member
Keisuke Uehara Associate Professor, Faculty of Environment and Information Studies
Standardization WG member
Toshiyuki Masui Professor, Faculty of Environment and Information Studies
Standardization WG member
Shoko Miyagawa Associate Professor, Faculty of Nursing and Medical Care
Medical Fab WG member
Tomoaki Watanabe Project Associate Professor, Graduate School of Media and Governance
International Strategy & Policy Proposal WG leader
Takuji Tokiwa Project Associate Professor, Graduate School of Media and Governance
Consortium office work, contract processing, and intellectual property management
Kazuo Ohno Project Researcher, Graduate School of Media and Governance
Consortium office work leader, contract management, and intellectual property management
Hironori Iwasaki Senior Researcher, Keio Research Institute at SFC
Design & Inclusion WG office work leader
Yu Ihara Researcher, Keio Research Institute at SFC
Yuji Hara Researcher, Keio Research Institute at SFC
Hiroshi Teshima Researcher, Keio Research Institute at SFC
Makoto Aoki Senior Researcher, Keio Research Institute at SFC
Tomohiro Takanashi Senior Researcher, Keio Research Institute at SFC
Toshiki Nishiyama Senior Researcher, Keio Research Institute at SFC
Youka Watanabe Researcher, Keio Research Institute at SFC
Mio Kato Researcher, Keio Research Institute at SFC
Kenji Kohiyama Senior Researcher, Keio Research Institute at SFC