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Medical Ethics & Patient Safety Laboratory

Date of establishment: July 1, 2013
Director: Shoichi Maeda (Professor, Graduate School of Health Management)
Contact: Shoichi Maeda Lab. Graduate School of Health Management, Keio University sho-ichi[at]umin.ac.jp

Objective

Technology related to medicine and medical treatment has advanced rapidly in recent years and enabled the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of illnesses that were previously untreatable. On the other hand, technological advances have also created new ethical, legal and social issues. Issues related to prenatal diagnoses and elective abortions and end of life care and withholding and termination of life support are just a few examples. Within public health, many ethical, legal and social issues have been created, such as determining the order of priority for immunization against new infectious diseases. Within such an environment, the pressing issue of research and education relating to medical ethics (education of students, medical researchers, and healthcare practitioners) has become all the more important.

Technology used for medical treatment has also undergone remarkable progress over the past few years. However, this sophisticated technology has also become increasingly complex. Combined with a shortage of healthcare professionals, this has also led to an increasing number of medical errors. Such medical errors have become an important issue, not only in Japan, but also across the world, leading to a strong demand for more research and education on safe medical practices and how to respond to medical accidents. Dealing with error is not only applicable at the bedside. The approval of full-scale clinical research using stem cells requires thoughtful consideration of how to deal with clinical research ethics.

These rapid changes exceed the boundaries of the traditional theoretical framework and force reconsideration of current public policy.

Our laboratory aims for those involved in research, practice and public administration in a variety of fields to work together to study medical ethics and medical safety issues and suggest public policy improvements. Based on the integrated, inter-disciplinary knowledge we gain, we will suggest training topics, create educational materials, and conduct educational seminars.

Research outline

Investigative research and theoretical study to be conducted on various issues relating to medical ethics and medical safety

Schedule for 2013

  • Analysis of laws in 50 US states relating to withholding and termination of life support during end-of-life care
  • Anglo-Japanese comparative study and research on awareness of healthcare practitioners and the general public relating to decisions made within the realm of medical treatment, such as end-of-life care
  • Comparative study (now and 25 years ago) and research on awareness of healthcare practitioners and the general public relating to informed consent
  • Study on medical ethics (research ethics and clinical ethics) education within medicine and nursing faculties
  • Analysis of awareness and so forth of medical practitioners and the general public with regards to the disclosure of information relating to medical mishaps
  • Analysis of current situation based on field survey covering verbal abuse and violence against government health workers and consideration of what constitutes a crime in such cases

Etc.

Memberships

Name Affiliation
o Shoichi Maeda Professor, Graduate School of Health Management
Law
Eri Ishikawa Project Assistant Professor, Graduate School of Health Management
Health Nursing
Mitsuhiro Kamakura Professor, Graduate School of Health Management
Graduate School of Health Management
Medical
Masatoshi Nara Professor, Faculty of Letters
Ethics
Keita Yamauchi Professor, Graduate School of Health Management
Graduate School of Health Management
Health Policy and Management, Mental Health
Eiji Maruyama Project Professor, Graduate School of Health Management
Masanori Oikawa Senior Researcher, Keio Research Institute at SFC
Megumu Yokono Senior Researcher, Keio Research Institute at SFC
Maho Murata Project Assistant Professor, Graduate School of Health Management
Kenichiro Kawabe Project Assistant Professor, Graduate School of Health Management
Miho Tanaka Senior Researcher, Keio Research Institute at SFC
Megumi Baba Senior Researcher, Keio Research Institute at SFC
Jay Starkey Senior Researcher, Keio Research Institute at SFC
Etsuko Kamishiraki Senior Researcher, Keio Research Institute at SFC
Kei Tanaka Senior Researcher, Keio Research Institute at SFC
Pierre-Alain Cohen Senior Researcher, Keio Research Institute at SFC